I Need the Kernel Source

Created by JohnnyHughes. Currently maintained by AlanBartlett and AkemiYagi.

1. Maybe you do not need the full kernel source

If you need to compile a kernel driver (module), the chances are you do not really need to install the full kernel source tree. You might just need to install the kernel-devel package. (If, however, you are certain that the full source tree is required, please follow the instructions in Section 2.)

In CentOS-7, there is just one kernel-devel package available:

In CentOS-6, there is just one kernel-devel package available:

In CentOS-5, there are three kernel-devel packages available:

If you are running the standard kernel (for example), you can install the kernel-devel package by:

[root@host]# yum install kernel-devel

You can use this command to determine the version of your running kernel:

[root@host]# uname -r

The result will look similar to this:

2.6.18-400.1.1.el5xen

In this case, the xen kernel is installed and the way to install this specific kernel-devel package is:

[root@host]# yum install kernel-xen-devel

<!> Please ensure that you install the kernel-devel package that matches your running kernel. See this FAQ for details.

If your kernel is not listed by yum because it is in an older tree, you can download it manually from the CentOS Vault.

CentOS-7: (There is, currently, no older tree.)

CentOS-6: Look in either the 6.X/os/arch/Packages/ or the 6.X/updates/arch/Packages/ directories for the kernel-devel-version.arch.rpm

CentOS-5: Look in either the 5.X/os/arch/CentOS/ or the 5.X/updates/arch/RPMS/ directories for the kernel[-type]-devel-version.arch.rpm

Once you have the proper kernel[-type]-devel-version.arch.rpm package installed, try to compile your module. It should work that way. If it does not, please provide feedback to the module's developer as this is the way all new kernel modules should be designed to be built.

2. If you really need the full kernel source

If you really must have the kernel source tree, for whatever reason, it is obtainable.

As an ordinary user, not root, create a build tree based on a ~/rpmbuild/ directory:

[user@host]$ mkdir -p ~/rpmbuild/{BUILD,BUILDROOT,RPMS,SOURCES,SPECS,SRPMS}
[user@host]$ echo '%_topdir %(echo $HOME)/rpmbuild' > ~/.rpmmacros

<!> You are strongly advised against package building as root. (See: Building Source RPM as non-root under CentOS)


To install the source package and tools for CentOS-7:

As root, install the rpm-build, redhat-rpm-config, asciidoc, hmaccalc, perl-ExtUtils-Embed, pesign, xmlto, audit-libs-devel, binutils-devel, elfutils-devel, elfutils-libelf-devel, newt-devel, numactl-devel, pciutils-dedvel, python-devel and zlib-devel packages:

[root@host]# yum install rpm-build redhat-rpm-config asciidoc hmaccalc perl-ExtUtils-Embed pesign xmlto 
[root@host]# yum install audit-libs-devel binutils-devel elfutils-devel elfutils-libelf-devel
[root@host]# yum install newt-devel numactl-devel pciutils-devel python-devel zlib-devel

Find the kernel source rpm package in:

(Replace the "N.YYMM" with the relevant sub-version, year and month numbers.)

As an ordinary user, not root, install the source package by executing:

[user@host]$ rpm -i http://vault.centos.org/7.0.1406/updates/Source/SPackages/kernel-3.10.0-123.13.2.el7.src.rpm 2>&1 | grep -v exist


To install the source package and tools for CentOS-6:

As root, install the rpm-build, redhat-rpm-config, asciidoc, hmaccalc, perl-ExtUtils-Embed, xmlto, audit-libs-devel, binutils-devel, elfutils-devel, elfutils-libelf-devel, newt-devel, python-devel and zlib-devel packages:

[root@host]# yum install rpm-build redhat-rpm-config asciidoc hmaccalc perl-ExtUtils-Embed xmlto 
[root@host]# yum install audit-libs-devel binutils-devel elfutils-devel elfutils-libelf-devel
[root@host]# yum install newt-devel python-devel zlib-devel

Find the kernel source rpm package in:

(Replace the "N" with the relevant sub-version number.)

As an ordinary user, not root, install the source package by executing:

[user@host]$ rpm -i http://vault.centos.org/6.6/updates/Source/SPackages/kernel-2.6.32-504.3.3.el6.src.rpm 2>&1 | grep -v exist


To install the source package and tools for CentOS-5:

As root, install the rpm-build, redhat-rpm-config and unifdef packages:

[root@host]# yum install rpm-build redhat-rpm-config unifdef

Find the kernel source rpm package in:

(Replace the "N" with the relevant sub-version number.)

As an ordinary user, not root, install the source package by executing:

[user@host]$ rpm -i http://vault.centos.org/5.11/updates/SRPMS/kernel-2.6.18-400.1.1.el5.src.rpm 2>&1 | grep -v exist


Now that the source package and tools are installed, unpack and prepare the source files:

[user@host]$ cd ~/rpmbuild/SPECS
[user@host SPECS]$ rpmbuild -bp --target=$(uname -m) kernel.spec

The value of $(uname -m) sets the target to the architecture of your current kernel. This is generally accepted, as most people will need either i686 or x86_64 as the target.

The kernel source tree will now be found under the ~/rpmbuild/BUILD/kernel*/linux*/ directory.

HowTos/I need the Kernel Source (last edited 2014-12-18 22:27:35 by AlanBartlett)