Xen4 CentOS6 QuickStart

Scope

This guide will help you get from a baseline CentOS-6/x86_64 install to running the complete Xen-4 stack in just under 10 minutes, this includes getting your first VM up.

Pre-requisites

[INFO]

Xen-4.4 and libxl
Note: All versions of Xen before version 4.4 had xm and xend enabled by default. The xen-4.4.1 (and newer) rpms instead enable xl support and no longer use xend. Please see /MigratingToXl for details on how to migrate from em rpms older than 4.4.1 to the new version

We assume you already have a fair idea of virtualisation, the difference between para-virt (pv) and fullvirt (hvm) and have a basic understanding of how networking on linux works, including bridge utils.

Install the Xen4CentOS Stack

The software released for this stack is hosted in its own self contained repository on the CentOS mirror network. In order to enable this repository, ensure that the CentOS-Extras repo is enabled and type:

yum install centos-release-xen

Once that is done, we can now install xen itself:

yum install xen

During Xen and the kernel installation, a script called grub-bootxen.sh should have been run which makes Xen entries in your /boot/grub/grub.conf. If you look at your /boot/grub/grub.conf it should have something like this:

title CentOS (3.4.46-8.el6.centos.alt.x86_64)
        root (hd0,0)
        kernel /xen.gz dom0_mem=1024M,max:1024M loglvl=all guest_loglvl=all
        module /vmlinuz-3.4.46-8.el6.centos.alt.x86_64 ro root=/dev/mapper/vg_xen01-lv_root rd_LVM_LV=vg_xen01/lv_swap rd_NO_LUKS  KEYBOARDTYPE=pc KEYTABLE=uk rd_NO_MD LANG=en_GB rd_LVM_LV=vg_xen01/lv_root SYSFONT=latarcyrheb-sun16 crashkernel=auto rd_NO_DM rhgb quiet
        module /initramfs-3.4.46-8.el6.centos.alt.x86_64.img

If this is not set to the default kernel, edit the file and set it now. Once you reboot, verify that the 3.x kernel is running with:

uname -r

and verify that xen is running with:

xl info

NOTE: There is a ballooning bug that causes a error log entry as described in Bug 6893, so dom0_mem=1024M,max:1536M would get rid of that error message.

Bringing up the first VM

At this point you are now ready to bring up your first VM, and there are multiple ways of achieving this. For new users, who are looking for the easiest install path, the Libvirt process is recommended. Advanced users looking to hand setup the network, the backing filestore and the xen environment will most likely want to use the xen command line tools.

More info and support options

HowTos/Xen/Xen4QuickStart (last edited 2015-06-09 18:35:08 by GeorgeDunlap)