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Setting up a new Ceph release

The next release of Ceph is codenamed "quincy". We want to build and host this in CentOS's system. Here are the steps to set that up.

1. Installing CBS client

Please install the CBS client (CLI) on your workstation. You will need it to build new RPMs and manage builds.

2. Configuring CBS

The first step is to open a ticket with the CentOS CBS administrators. The CBS admins will configure two things for us:

1. Create our set of Koji tags (eg. -candidate, -testing, and -release).

2. Create our Koji build target (eg. storage9s-ceph-quincy-el9s).

3. Configure the Yum repository "downloads" site for the builds.

Here is the nautilus ticket: https://bugs.centos.org/view.php?id=15269 (a script can file these automatically.)

(Note: There is a problem here, in that the CentOS admins require at least one build to be tagged into -testing in order to fully configure buildlogs.centos.org, because the internal "sync" script does not publish empty repositories for safety reasons. So there will be some back and forth as the buildlogs.centos.org and mirror.centos.org configurations get set up.)

3. Creating centos-release-ceph-quincy package

For each major Ceph release, we must create a "-release" package.

1. Clone the repository from Github:

git clone git@github.com:CentOS-Storage-SIG/centos-release-ceph.git
cd centos-release-ceph
git checkout nautilus

2. Copy the centos-release-ceph-luminous release package, and globally search-and-replace "luminous" to "nautilus". Note the .repo file is named "Luminous", so rename this to "Nautilus", etc.

3. Create the SRPM (see the instructions in the README)

make srpm DISTRO=el7

4. Ensure the package is whitelisted ("added") to the three CentOS Extras tags:

cbs add-pkg --owner ktdreyer core7-extras-common-candidate centos-release-ceph-nautilus
cbs add-pkg --owner ktdreyer core7-extras-common-testing centos-release-ceph-nautilus
cbs add-pkg --owner ktdreyer core7-extras-common-release centos-release-ceph-nautilus

5. Build the SRPM with CBS (see instructions in the README)::

make build DISTRO=el7

6. Push your changes to the nautilus branch in GitHub. This ensures we have a record of the code in Git for future modifications.

At this point you will have your first build in CBS.

Clarifying note: Our first build here is going into *CentOS Extras*, not into our Storage SIG/ceph nautilus repo. The -release package is the only one like this. It simply bootstraps the user's /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Ceph-Nautilus.repo file so they can obtain the rest of the Ceph packages.

4. Moving builds through -testing and -release

When you build anything in CBS, the system will automatically tag that build into the -candidate tag. -candidate just means that the build *could* go somewhere, but it is not ready to go into a testing Yum repository yet.

Continuing from above, your centos-release-ceph-nautilus package will be tagged into core7-extras-common-candidate to start.

To move this build into the "testing" repository, we will tag it into the -testing CBS tag::

cbs tag-build core7-extras-common-testing centos-release-ceph-nautilus-1.1-1.el7.centos

Once the build is in core7-extras-common-testing, the CBS administrators will put it into the "testing" repository at https://buildlogs.centos.org/centos/7/extras/x86_64/ .

The CBS administrators run mash in a cron script every two hours to push builds to the testing repository. If you do not see the build on the buildlogs.centos.org web server two hours after tagging in -testing in CBS, contact the admins in #centos-devel.

To move this build into the "release" repository, we will tag it into the -release CBS tag:

cbs tag-build core7-extras-common-release centos-release-ceph-nautilus-1.1-1.el7.centos

Once the build is in the -release tag, the CBS administrators will GPG-sign it and put it into the main Yum repositories that are mirrored everywhere. For core7-extras-common-release, this is http://mirror.centos.org/centos/7/extras/x86_64/. (A CentOS administrator does this every weekday, US morning hours).

5. Using the centos-release-ceph-nautilus package

From this point our centos-release-ceph-nautilus package is pushed out to CentOS' mirror system for CentOS Extras. All CentOS users can yum install our build from CentOS Extras now::

# Already done on most CentOS systems:
# yum-config-manager --enable extras

# Install our newly-released build: 
yum install centos-release-ceph-nautilus

Now these users will have an /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Ceph-Nautilus.repo on their systems. This will point at the rest of our Ceph packages. These users will be able to yum install ceph and get the nautilus package.

6. Copying the package list from the older release

At this point we have a storage7-ceph-nautilus-candidate tag that is completely empty:

$ cbs list-tagged storage7-ceph-nautilus-candidate

Build                                 Tag               Built by
------------------------------------  ----------------  ----------------

We need to populate this tag.

First, let's find the list of packages that are present in the tag for our older release (luminous)::

    cbs list-pkgs --tag=storage7-ceph-luminous-candidate
    Package             Tag                     Extra Arches    Owner
    ------------------- ----------------------- --------------- ---------------
    oniguruma           storage7-ceph-luminous-candidate        alphacc
    python-logutils     storage7-ceph-luminous-candidate        gfidente

Visually inspect this list of source package names.

Note anything that is end-of-life/unsupported. You don't want to carry ancient unsupported packages over into the next major release. For example, radosgw-agent is really old and should not be carried along into nautilus.

Once you have copied and edited your list of packages for nautilus, run those through cbs add-pkg so we are able to tag the builds:

cbs add-pkg --owner ktdreyer storage7-ceph-nautilus-candidate ceph-ansible jq ...
cbs add-pkg --owner ktdreyer storage7-ceph-nautilus-testing ceph-ansible jq ...
cbs add-pkg --owner ktdreyer storage7-ceph-nautilus-release ceph-ansible jq ...

At this point you've set the package lists for your tags. Check them with cbs list-pkgs, like so:

cbs list-pkgs --tag=storage7-ceph-luminous-candidate
cbs list-pkgs --tag=storage7-ceph-luminous-testing
cbs list-pkgs --tag=storage7-ceph-luminous-release

7. Copying the build list from the older release

Now that we've configured our package lists, we can tag some builds. Let's find the list of builds that are currently tagged for the older release (luminous):

cbs list-tagged storage7-ceph-luminous-candidate --latest
Build                             Tag               Built by
--------------------------------  ----------------  ----------------
babeltrace-1.2.4-3.1.el7          storage7-ceph-luminous-candidate  koji
ceph-12.2.5-0.el7                 storage7-ceph-luminous-candidate  gfidente
ceph-ansible-3.2.0-0.rc8.1.el7    storage7-ceph-luminous-candidate  ktdreyer

Visually inspect this list of build NVRs (name - version - release).

As above when we were checking list-pkgs, make a note to drop anything that is end-of-life/unsupported.

Also, we also don't want to copy the ceph-12.2.5-0.el7 build into nautilus either. Remember, this set of tags is just for ceph-14.0.0 and newer.

Once you have assembled your list of build NVRs to tag from luminous into nautilus, you can tag these into storage7-ceph-nautilus-candidate:

cbs tag-build storage7-ceph-nautilus-candidate babeltrace-1.2.4-3.1.el7 ceph-ansible-3.2.0-0.rc8.1.el7 ...

CBS will run a number of tagBuild tasks, one per build, as it adds each build into our -nautilus-candidate tag.

Once those tagBuild tasks finish, you should be able to see all your newly-tagged builds with list-tagged:

cbs list-tagged storage7-ceph-nautilus-candidate

8. Buildroots and kojira

As we begin to populate our -nautilus-candidate tag, you will notice a kojira user will begin to generate a set of new repositories for us with newRepo and createrepo tasks. kojira will regenerate our buildroots every time the storage7-ceph-nautilus-el7-build tag or its children change. A "buildroot" is a Yum repository within Koji that defines which RPMs are available when we build any new packages.

You can inspect these buildroot repositories at http://cbs.centos.org/kojifiles/repos/storage7-ceph-nautilus-el7-build/latest/x86_64/ . The pkglist file is handy to get a birds-eye view of what RPMs are in that particular buildroot (yum repo).

Once we see that CBS's kojira has generated a buildroot for our storage7-ceph-nautilus-el7-build tag, we are ready to build Ceph itself in CBS.

9. Testing builds in buildlogs.centos.org

Once we have tagged our nautilus builds into storage7-ceph-nautilus-testing, we notify the CBS administrators to configure buildlogs.centos.org to host the new builds. You can do this in the same http://bugs.centos.org ticket from above.

The CBS administrators run mash in a cron script every two hours. Once they have configured buildlogs.centos.org for this release, the builds tagged in -nautilus-testing should show up there.

2023-09-11 07:23