De CDs a DVD

El script siguiente (mkdvdiso.sh) ha sido probado en CentOS 4 y 5 para la arquitectura i386. El objetivo es crear una imagen ISO de DVD desde las imágenes de los CDs o desde un árbol de instalación.

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IMPORTANTE: Si el árbol de instalación no contiene un fichero .discinfo, este debe ser obtenido del nivel superior de un CD.

Uso:

mkdvdiso.sh origen /destino/DVD.iso

El 'origen' puede ser un directorio con un solo conjunto de isos, o un árbol en explotación (ej. un sitio ftp).


# by Chris Kloiber <ckloiber@redhat.com>
# A quick hack that will create a bootable DVD iso of a Red Hat Linux
# Distribution. Feed it either a directory containing the downloaded
# iso files of a distribution, or point it at a directory containing
# the "RedHat", "isolinux", and "images" directories.
# This version only works with "isolinux" based Red Hat Linux versions.
# Lots of disk space required to work, 3X the distribution size at least.
# GPL version 2 applies. No warranties, yadda, yadda. Have fun.
# Modified to add sanity checks and fix CentOS4 syntax errors
#   by Phil Schaffner <Philip.R.Schaffner@NASA.gov>
# TODO:
#   Add checks for available disk space on devices holding output and
#       temp files.
#   Add optional 3rd parameter to specify location of temp directory.
#   Create .discinfo if not present.
if [ $# -lt 2 ]; then
echo "Usage: `basename $0` source /destination/DVD.iso"
echo ""
echo "        The 'source' can be either a directory containing a single"
echo "        set of isos, or an exploded tree like an ftp site."
exit 1
fi
DVD_DIR=`dirname $2`
DVD_FILE=`basename $2`
echo "DVD directory is $DVD_DIR"
echo "ISO file is $DVD_FILE"
if [ "$DVD_DIR" = "." ]; then
echo "Destinaton Directory $DVD_DIR does not exist"
exit 1
else
if [ ! -d "/$DVD_DIR" ]; then
echo "Destinaton Directory $DVD_DIR must be an absolute path"
exit 1
else
if [ "$DVD_FILE" = "" ] || [ -d "$DVD_DIR/$DVD_FILE" ]; then
echo "Null ISO file name."
exit 1
fi
fi
fi
if [ ! -f /usr/lib/anaconda-runtime/implantisomd5 ]; then
echo "Error: /usr/lib/anaconda-runtime/implantisomd5 Not Found!"
echo "yum install anaconda-runtime"
exit 1
fi
which mkisofs >&/dev/null
if [ "$?" != 0 ]; then
echo "mkisofs Not Found"
echo "yum install mkisofs"
fi
which createrepo >&/dev/null
if [ "$?" != 0 ]; then
echo "createrepo Not Found"
echo "yum install createrepo"
fi
if [ -f $2 ]; then
echo "DVD ISO destination $2 already exists. Remove first to recreate."
exit 1
fi
# Make sure there is enough free space to hold the DVD image on the filesystem
# where the home directory resides, otherwise change ~/mkrhdvd to point to
# a filesystem with sufficient free space.
cleanup() {
[ ${LOOP:=/tmp/loop} = "/" ] && echo "LOOP mount point = \/, dying!" && exit
[ -d $LOOP ] && rm -rf $LOOP
[ ${DVD:=~/mkrhdvd} = "/" ] && echo "DVD data location is \/, dying!" && exit
[ -d $DVD ] && rm -rf $DVD
}
cleanup
mkdir -p $LOOP
mkdir -p $DVD
ls $1/*.iso &>/dev/null
if [ "$?" = 0 ]; then
echo "Found ISO CD images..."
CDS=`expr 0`
DISKS="1"
for f in `ls $1/*.iso`; do
mount -o loop $f $LOOP
cp -av $LOOP/* $DVD
if [ -f $LOOP/.discinfo ]; then
cp -av $LOOP/.discinfo $DVD
CDS=`expr $CDS + 1`
if [ $CDS != 1 ] ; then
DISKS=`echo ${DISKS},${CDS}`
fi
fi
umount $LOOP
done
else
if [ -f $1/isolinux/isolinux.bin ]; then
echo "Found FTP-like tree..."
if [ -e $1/.discinfo ]; then
cp -av $1/.discinfo $DVD
else
# How does one construct a legal .discinfo file if none is found?
echo "Error: No .discinfo file found in $1"
cleanup
exit 1
fi
cp -av $1/* $DVD
else
echo "Error: No CD images nor FTP-like tree found in $1"
cleanup
exit 1
fi
fi
if [ -e $DVD/.discinfo ]; then
awk '{ if ( NR == 4 ) { print disks } else { print ; } }' disks="ALL" $DVD/.discinfo > $DVD/.discinfo.new
mv $DVD/.discinfo.new $DVD/.discinfo
else
echo  "Error: No .discinfo file found in $DVD"
cleanup
exit 1
fi
rm -rf $DVD/isolinux/boot.cat
find $DVD -name TRANS.TBL | xargs rm -f
cd $DVD
createrepo -g repodata/comps.xml ./
mkisofs -J -R -v -T -o $2 -b isolinux/isolinux.bin -c isolinux/boot.cat -no-emul-boot -boot-load-size 8 -boot-info-table $DVD
if [ "$?" = 0 ]; then
echo ""
echo "Image complete, create md5sum..."
#   /usr/lib/anaconda-runtime/implantisomd5 --force $2
# Don't like forced mediacheck? Try this instead.
/usr/lib/anaconda-runtime/implantisomd5 --supported-iso --force $2
echo "Start cleanup..."
cleanup
echo ""
echo "Process Complete!"
echo "Wrote DVD ISO image to $DVD_DIR/$DVD_FILE"
echo ""
else
echo "ERROR: Image creation failed, start cleanup..."
cleanup
echo ""
echo "Failed to create ISO image $DVD_DIR/$DVD_FILE"
echo ""
fi

es/TipsAndTricks/CDtoDVDMedia (last edited 2019-12-09 09:11:38 by anonymous)